Kayal, A. (1999) Science and technology indicators: a framework for the Kingdom ofSaudi Arabia. Management of Engineering and Technology, 1999. Technology and Innovation Management. PICMET '99. Portland International conference, 1.
Summary form only, as given. Planning and managing science and technology (ST) systems requires quantitative and qualitative information that can aid in making decisions. The type of information needed for this endeavor varies widely, but in general they are mostly measures of inputs and outputs of the system. These measures are referred to as science and technology indicators. ST indicators are used widely by UNESCO, OECD, governments, and many other agencies concerned with setting policies and monitoring ST. This paper discusses some of these ST indicators, specifically ones defined and used by OECD. The author then proposes the ones which are believed to be suitable for adoption by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Since, OECD member countries are developed and industrialized, they could serve as a benchmark to which other developing countries could use in advancing their ST systems. Adopting OECD defined and used indicators and then comparing the results with OECD member countries, might enable KSA to identify shortfalls in strategic areas of its ST system. This would greatly aid KSA ST planners in focusing their attention to strategies and policies, which could narrow the gap between it, and OECD countries
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