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Adsorptive removal of hazardous anionic dye ‘‘Congo red” from wastewater using waste materials and recovery by desorption

K. Gupta, Vinod and Mittal, Alok and Mittal, Jyoti and Malviya, Arti (2009) Adsorptive removal of hazardous anionic dye ‘‘Congo red” from wastewater using waste materials and recovery by desorption. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science.

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Abstract

The present investigation assesses the applicability of waste materials—bottom ash and deoiled soya—for the removal of the colorant Congo red from wastewaters. The adsorption characteristics and dye removal efficiency of adsorbents have been determined by investigating factors such as effect of pH, effect of concentration of the dye, amount of adsorbents, contact time, and temperature. Langmuir, Freundlich, Tempkin, and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherm models have been used to evaluate the ongoing adsorption. With the help of adsorption isotherm data different thermodynamic parameters such as free energy; enthalpy, and entropy have been calculated. The estimated free energy has been obtained as 21.52 kJ mol1 for bottom ash and 16.88 kJ mol1 for deoiled soya. On the basis of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetic equations different kinetic parameters have been obtained. Column operations depicted good adsorptive tendencies for Congo red with 96.95% and 97.14% saturation of dye on bottom ash and deoiled soya, respectively. Regeneration of the saturated columns has been made by eluting NaOH solution and more than 90% dye has been recovered in both cases.



Item Type:Article
Date:19 August 2009
Date Type:Publication
Subjects:Chemistry
Divisions:College Of Sciences > Chemistry Dept
Creators:K. Gupta, Vinod and Mittal, Alok and Mittal, Jyoti and Malviya, Arti
Email:vinodfcy@gmail.com, -, -, -
ID Code:136167
Deposited By:Morshed Alam Bhuiyan
Deposited On:18 Oct 2009 17:17
Last Modified:12 Apr 2011 13:16

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