Al-Nashmi, Muhammad Hasan Muhammad. (1997) The Effect of retarder on gelation time and stability of polyacrylamide chromium (III) gel system. Masters thesis, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals.
Recently the poly acrylamide chromium(III) gel system has been used as a flow control agent to improve the water oil ratio (WOR) in water flooding operations and wells plagued by water conning. Gel divert the movements of water from high permeability thin zones and fractures to the bypassed regions leading to improved sweep efficiency. As temperature increases gelation time becomes shorter limiting the application of the gel at high temperature. In this study an evaluation of the effectiveness of sodium lactate in delaying the gelation time at different temperatures was investigated. The gel viscosity at different temperatures, times and shear rates was measured. The plugging efficiency of the gel was studied by injecting the gel solution through sandstone and limestone cores. Results obtained showed that sodium lactate was effective in prolonging the gelation time from hours to days depending on its concentration. The gel was found to be stable during the period of study. The gel viscosity increased with time and increased if the temperature was increased. The gel viscosity decreased if shear rate was increased. The permeability of the cores was reduced to less than 1.0% of its original value. The results obtained could be used as a guide in the design of water shutoff treatments for field application.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Divisions:||College Of Engineering Sciences > Petroleum Engineering Dept|
|Creators:||Al-Nashmi, Muhammad Hasan Muhammad.|
|Committee Advisor:||Al-Majed, Abdulaziz A.|
|Committee Members:||Ali, Shaikh Asrof and Al-Fossail, Khalid A.|
|Deposited By:||KFUPM ePrints Admin|
|Deposited On:||22 Jun 2008 17:00|
|Last Modified:||25 Apr 2011 10:25|
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